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The most complete information about the medicine in Ancient Egypt two papyrus provided: a large medical papyrus of G. Ebers and papyrus about the surgery of E. Smith. Smith’s papyrus is of particular interest as it contains the information on the status of surgery in Ancient Egypt. Papyrus consists of descriptions of the clinical cases. To the present time, 48 cases have survived; it is arranged in order of location - from the head down to the feet. Orthopedic deformities were reflected in the figures on the walls of the pyramids and temples as well as the description of the mummies and archaeological finds.

About the authors

Z. K. Bashurov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation


  1. Hussein M.K. An ancient egyptian treatise on traumatology 2800 b.c. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1949; 31-B (2): 309-312.
  2. Hussein M.K. Kocher's method is 3000 years old. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1968; 50-B (3): 669-671.
  3. Peltier L.F. Fractures. A history and iconography of their treatment. San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1990. 270 p.
  4. Salib Ph. Orthopaedic and traumatic skeletal lesion ancient. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1962; 44-B (4): 944-947.

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