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The retrospective analysis of 97 shoulder arthroplasties during 1998 to 2009 was performed. The hemiarthroplasty were fulfilled in 92 patients and total shoulder replacement in 5 patients. Total rate good and satisfactory results consists 32,0%, poor results - 68,0% (66 patients, include 5 patients with total shoulder arthroplasty). The lower level of good results was revealed in patients with chronic fractures and fracture-dislocations of shoulder. It related with changes bones of shoulder and muscles of shoulder (rotator cuff). In the studied group of patients there was no proper pre-operative diagnostics of the rotator cuff, articular surface of the scapula, which shows the need for careful preoperative examination to determine the indications for shoulder arthroplasty and select the type of prosthesis. Unsatisfactory results of total arthroplasty related to screw migration (in case of the transacromion approach) and to the development of subacromial impingement. The conclusion about the need to narrow the indications for use of the scapular component «Ortho-P». The authors showed preference to cemented implants without a metal base. It is necessary to introduce in practice the anatomic implants of the third generation allowing the fullest play the anatomy and biomechanics of the shoulder joint.

About the authors

D. V. Nenashev

The Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, St. - Petersburg

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation

A. P. Varfolomeev

The Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, St. - Petersburg

Russian Federation

S. V. Maykov

The Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, St. - Petersburg

Russian Federation


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