Efficiency of Surgical Debridement and Implant Retaining in Treatment of Early Postoperative and Acute Hematogenous Periprosthetic Infections of Hip

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Abstract

Background. Periprosthetic infection is a devastating complication that influences the duration of treatment and patients life quality. Debridement, Antibiotics and Implant Retention (DAIR) is considered as least invasive surgery patients with stable  implant,  except  cases  of  chronical  periprosthetic  infection. The  aim  of  this  study was  to  evaluate  efficiency  of surgical debridement and implant retaining in control over infection in group patients with early postoperative and acute hematogenous periprosthetic infections. Materials and Methods.We performed retrospective monocentral cohort study of treatment early postoperative and acute hematogenous periprosthetic infections of hip in 26 patients. The group included cases with stable implants and period between manifestation of infection and DAIR no more than 4 weeks. We have classified infection as early postoperative in 22 patients (84,2%) and as acute hematogenous in 4 cases (15,8%). Results.At mean follow-up 42,8±2,3 mounts five patients underwent removal of implant due to reinfection. We performed successful twostage revision for four of them and had to perform resection arthroplasty in one case. Thus, DAIR protocol was successful in 80,8(%) cases. The mean Harris Hip Score significantly improved compared to preoperative values from 59,2±2,5 to 80,5±1,3 at the last follow-up (p = 0,0002, Z-3,7). Conclusions.The efficiency of DAIR according to our data was 80,8%. These results allow to consider DAIR as a method of treatment of patients with early postoperative and acute hematogenous periprosthetic infections. Exchange of modular components can decrease the reinfection rate.

About the authors

A. S. Tryapichnikov

Ilizarov National Medical Research Centre for Traumatology and Orthopedics

Author for correspondence.
Email: pich86@bk.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7305-506X

Aleksandr S. Tryapichnikov— Cand. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation

A. M. Ermakov

Ilizarov National Medical Research Centre for Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: tsyl@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5420-4637

Artem M. Ermakov— Cand. Sci. (Med.)

T. A. Silantieva

Ilizarov National Medical Research Centre for Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: tsyl@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6405-8365

Tamara  A.  Silantieva —  Cand.  Sci.  (Med.)

A. V. Burtsev

Ilizarov National Medical Research Centre for Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: tsyl@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8968-6528

Alexander V. Burtsev— Dr. Sci. (Med.)

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