EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF LOW ENERGY FRACTURES IN REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

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Abstract

Until present no data was available inArmeniain respect of incidence of low energy fractures that are typical of osteoporotic locations which consequently did not allow to evaluate the scope of this problem across the country.

Purpose of the study – to identify the incidence of low energy fractures in proximal femur, in distal forearm, in proximal humerus and in distal tibia across population ofArmenia aged 50 years and older.

Materials and methods. An observing population study was performed in two regions of Armenia during 2011-2013 where the frequency of selected locations in cases of moderate trauma was identified. During 2011-2012 the information was collected based on traumatology service records adding in 2013 other sources including primary level of healthcare due to observed infrequent applications for medical help in cases of trauma. Results. In 2013 the incidence of proximal femur fractures in men was reported as 136 cases per 100 000 of population aged 50 years and older, in women – 201 cases per 100 000. At the same time only 57.7% of patients with proximal femur fractures were admitted to hospital. Distal forearm fractures incidence in men and women was observed correspondingly 56/100 000 and 176/100 000 cases, proximal humerus fractures – 39/100 000 and 86/100 000 cases and distal tibia fractures – 39/100 000 and 86/100 000 cases. The predicted annual number of proximal femur fracture in Armenia amounts to 2067 cases, distal forearm fractures – 1205, proximal humerus fractures – 640.

Conclusion. Epidemiological data that was collected for the first time on low energy fractures incidence confirmed the acute osteoporosis issue inArmenia and revealed the problems in organization of medical care for the group of senior patients with injuries.

About the authors

S. Saakyan

Artashat Medical Center

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Sarkis Sahakyan – Head, Department of Traumatology and Orthopedic 

7, Aram Khachaturian street, Artashat, 0701

Armenia

A. G. Zakroyeva

Ural State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Закроева Алла Геннадьевна – доктор медицинских наук, доцент, заведующая кафедрой профилактической и семейной медицины 

ул. Репина, д. 3, г. Екатеринбург, 620028

Russian Federation

R. Galstyan

Scientific center for traumatology and orthopaedics under the Health Ministry of Republic of Armenia

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Ruben Galstyan Cand. Sci. (Med.), Deputy Director

9, Nork-Marash street, Yerevan, 0047

Armenia

T. Khanamiryan

Scientific center for traumatology and orthopaedics under the Health Ministry of Republic of Armenia

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Tatevik Khanamiryan Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor Deputy Director for Science

9, Nork-Marash street, Yerevan, 0047

Armenia

A. Aroyan

Erebouni Medical Center

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Armine Haroyan Cand. Sci. (Med.), Head, Department of Rheumatology

14, Titohradyan street, Yerevan, 0087

Armenia

N. Mamikonyan

Erebouni Medical Center

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Narine Mamikonyan General Manager

14, Titohradyan street, Yerevan, 0087

Armenia

V. Babalyan

Diavant LLC

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Varta Babalyan Manager

7, Argishtii street, Yerevan, 0015

Armenia

A. K. Lebedev

Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Anatoliy k. Lebedev Cand. Sci. (Med.), Lecturer, Family Medicine Department

41, Kirochnaya ul., St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

E. N. Gladkova

Ural State Medical University;
Verkhnyaya Pyshma Central City Hospital named after P.D. Borodin

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Elena N. Gladkova Cand. Sci. (Med.), Head of Administration and Guidance Department 

32, ul. Chaykovskogo, Verkhnyaya Pyshma, 624090

Russian Federation

O. M. Lesnya

Ural State Medical University;
Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: olga.m.lesnyak@yandex.ru

Olga M. Lesnyak – Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Family Medicine Department, Mechnikov North West State Medical University; Professor, Department of Preventive and Family Medicine, Ural State Medical University

3, ul. Repina, Yekaterinburg, 620028

Russian Federation

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