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The authors analyzed scientific literature in respect of various issues in treatment of athletes with peroneal muscles lesions starting from 1987 till 2016. Key search and publications selection was made in PubMed and russian national electronic scientific library eLIBRARY. Peroneal tendons pathology is not the major but the underestimated cause of pain in lateral and hindfoot as well as of foot dysfunction which is difficult to distinguish from lesions of lateral ligaments of the ankle joint. Untreated lesions of peroneal tendons can result in chronic ankle pain and significant functional disorders. The purpose of the present paper is to improve the current comprehension of anatomy, to identify factors contributing to pathology, to perform diagnostic evaluation of peroneal tendons and to review current treatment options of such lesions.

About the authors

E. E. Achkasov

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
8, ul. Trubetskaya, Moscow, 119991, Russia

Author for correspondence.
Dr. Sci. (Med) Professor Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Head of the Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation Russian Federation

A. P. Sereda

Federal Medical Biological Agency
30, Volokolamskoye shosse, Moscow, 23182, Russia

Dr. Sci. (Med) Deputy Head of Federal Medical and Biological Agency Russian Federation

A. D. Repetyuk

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
8, ul. Trubetskaya, Moscow, 119991, Russia

graduate student of the Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation Russian Federation


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