What Has Changed in the Structure of Revision Hip Arthroplasty?

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Abstract

The key aspects of the study: 1) what has changed in the structure of revisions in recent years? 2) what is the spectrum of reasons for revision after primary hip arthroplasty and re-revision? 3) what are the demographic features of patients’ population undergoing the revision? Materials and methods. The authors conducted a retrospective evaluation of 2415 hip revision cases during the period of time from 2014 until 2018. Separately the authors assessed revisions after primary surgeries and re-revisions as well as the group of early revisions. Results. In the period from 2014 until 2018 the overall share of revisions was 16,6% from all total hip arthroplasties, at the same time the authors reported the absolute 1.7 times increase in number of revisions as well as increased share of revisions in the total structure of hip arthroplasty from 12,5% to 18,9% without significant variances in the number of primary procedures. The share of early revisions increased from 32.9% in 2013 to 56.7% while the number of early revisions amounted to 37.4% of all primary revisions. Gender composition in primary and revision hip arthroplasty varied insignificantly. Mean age at the moment of hip revision was 59.2% (95% CI from 58.7 to 59.7; Me 60 years) which is slightly less than in primary replacement — 60.2 years (95% CI from 58.9 to 61.1; Me 62 years), but such variances had a high statistical significance, р<0.001. The main reasons for primary revisions were aseptic loosening of prosthesis components (50.3%), infection (27.6%), polyethylene wear and osteolysis (9.0%) as well as dislocations (6,2%). Re-revisions structure featured prevalence of infection (69.0%), aseptic loosening (20.8%) and dislocations (7,8%). Mean period of time after primary hip arthroplasty to revision was 7.9 years (95% CI from 7.7 to 8.2; Me 7.3), to first re-revision — 2.9 (95% CI from 2.6 to 3.2; Me 1.2), to second re-revision — 2.2 (95% CI from 1.8 to 2.7; Me 1.1), to third — 2,2 (95% CI from 1.7 to 2.8; Me 1.1), to fourth — 1.0 (95% CI from 0.6 to 1.3; Me 0.6), remaining cases demonstrated rather high heterogeneity. Conclusion. In the result of the present study the authors observed increased number of all revision hip arthroplasties, especially the share of early revisions within first five years from the moment of previous surgery. The most often reason for revision after primary hip arthroplasty was aseptic loosening of one or both components of prosthesis. Infection was the absolute leader in the group of re-revisions constituting over half of all reasons for secondary intervention.

About the authors

I. I. Shubnyakov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Author for correspondence.
Email: shubnyakov@mail.ru
Igor I. Shubnyakov — Dr. Sci. (Med.), Chief Researcher Russian Federation

R. M. Tikhilov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics;
Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Rashid M. Tikhilov — Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Director

professor, Traumatology and Orthopedics Department

Russian Federation

A. O. Denisov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Alexey O. Denisov — Cand. Sci. (Med.), Academic Secretary Russian Federation

M. A. Akhmedilov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Magomed A. Akhmedilov — Clinical Resident Russian Federation

A. Zh. Cherny

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Andrey Zh. Cherny — Cand. Sci. (Med), Clinical Director Russian Federation

Z. A. Totoev

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Zaurbek A. Totoev — Assistant Researcher Russian Federation

A. A. Javadov

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Alisagib A. Javadov — Assistant Researcher, Scientific Department of Hip Pathology Russian Federation

A S. Karpukhin

Federal Center of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Arthroplasty

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Aleksey S. Karpukhin — Head of Department Russian Federation

Yu. V. Muravyeva

Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Yulia V. Muravyeva — IT engineer, Department of Information Technology Russian Federation

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Cited-by

CrossRef: 5

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  3. Myasoedov AA, Toropov SS, Berezin GV, Karelkin VV, Totoev ZA, Shubnyakov II, et al. Risk Factors for Prosthetic Joint Infection after Primary Hip Arthroplasty. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(1):40. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-1-40-47
  4. Shubnyakov II, Riahi A, Shubnyakov MI, Denisov AO, Khujanazarov IE, Tikhilov RM. Cementless Hip Implants: History and Current Status of the Issue. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(2):160. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-2-160-179
  5. Artyukh VA, Bozhkova SA, Boyarov AA, Muravyova JV, Kochish AA. Efficiency of the One-Stage Revision Hip Arthroplasty in Chronic Periprosthetic Joint Infection with Sinus Tract. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2021;27(2):9. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2021-27-2-9-22

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