Use of oral anticoagulants after intramedullary nailing of femur and tibial fractures in trauma department

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Abstract

The authors evaluated of the effectiveness of new oral anticoagulants in patients with diaphyseal fractures of the femur and tibia.We analyzed the effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis in 85 patients with diaphyseal fractures of the femur and tibia in the early postoperative period. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 - patients, who was taking enoxaparin, group 2 - dabigatran etexilate, group 3 - rivaroxaban. We evaluated the frequency of thromboembolic complications and bleeding for 4 weeks after intramedullary nailing of femur and tibia.The lowest frequency of postoperative bleeding was observed in patients treated with dabigatran etexilate. In addition, the minimum frequency of complications was observed among patients of the second group of the study (9.7% in the group receiving dabigatran etexilati compared with 27.8% for the combined group I and III).Statistically significant differences between groups of patients taking oral or parenteral anticoagulants was not obtained.

About the authors

A. K. Dulaev

Dzhanelidze Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Emergency Medicine

Author for correspondence.
Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

A. N. Tsed

Dzhanelidze Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Emergency Medicine

Email: tsed@mail.ru
Russian Federation

I. G. Dzhusoev

Dzhanelidze Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Emergency Medicine

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

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