FEATURES OF THA IN PATIENTS WITH HIGH CONGENITAL HIP DISLOCATION

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Abstract

There are a fair number of papers presenting the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy in neglected hip dislocation. In most of them the authors used long modular stems or Wagner stems as a femoral component. The reports describing the outcomes of such procedures with standard femoral stems are rather rare.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term and medium-term outcomes of total hip arthroplasty with standard femoral stems and shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy for treatment of high hip dislocation.

Materials and methods. From 2010 to 2016 the authors performed 18 hip arthroplasties with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy in 16 patients with high hip dislocation. All patients were clinically evaluated using Harris Hip Score and radiography prior to and after the surgery.

Results. The mean Harris Hip Score significantly improved compared to preoperative values from 39.7±1.4 to 84.7±1.6. At mean follow-up of 24±2.4 mounts the authors observed 2 case of nonunion at osteotomy site and 1 case of transient nerve palsy. Revision surgery was performed in 2 patients due to nonunion. The mean limb lengthening was 3.65±0.21 cm.

Conclusion. Our data demonstrated that total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric osteotomy is an effective technique for treatment of Crowe type III-IV congenital hipdislocation with high rate of successful fixation on the typical femoral stem, healing of osteotomy site and satisfactory shortand medium-term clinical outcomes. The non-modular tapered stem provides sufficient stability in distal and proximal parts of the femur. The use of standard tapered stem allows to achieve good healing rates of the osteotomy.

About the authors

B. V. Kamshilov

Ilizarov Russian Scientific Center “Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Boris V. Kamshilov — Cand. Sci. (Med.), Head of Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics N 7.

6, ul. M. Ulyanova, Kurgan, 640014 Russian Federation

A. S. Tryapichnikov

Ilizarov Russian Scientific Center “Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics”

Author for correspondence.
Email: pich86@bk.ru

Aleksandr S. Tryapichnikov — Cand. Sci. (Med.), Junior Researcher, Laboratory for Reconstructive Joint Replacements and Arthroscopy.

6, ul. M. Ulyanova, Kurgan, 640014 Russian Federation

О. К. Chegurov

Ilizarov Russian Scientific Center “Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Оleg K. Chegurov — Dr. Sci. (Med.), Head of Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics N 16.

6, ul. M. Ulyanova, Kurgan, 640014

Russian Federation

A. S. Zhdanov

Ilizarov Russian Scientific Center “Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Aleksey S. Zhdanov — Head of Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics N 2.

6, ul. M. Ulyanova, Kurgan, 640014 Russian Federation

О. P. Zaitseva

Ilizarov Russian Scientific Center “Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Ol’ga P. Zaitseva — Orthopedic Surgeon, Department N 7.

6, ul. M. Ulyanova, Kurgan, 640014

Russian Federation

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CrossRef: 3

  1. Korytkin AA, Gerasimov SA, Novikova YS, Kovaldov KA, Morozova EA, Korolev SB, et al. Comparative Assessment of Subtrochanteric Shortening Osteotomy and Paavilainen’s Proximal Osteotomy in Total Hip Arthroplasty for Crowe III–IV Dysplasia. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(1):21. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-1-21-35
  2. Tikhilov RM, Shubnyakov II, Denisov AO, Pliev DG, Shubnyakov MI, Vahramyan AG, et al. Is the Any Clinical Importance for Separation Congenitally Dislocated Hip in Adults into Types C1 and C2 by Hartofilakidis?. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2019;25(3):9. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2019-25-3-9-24
  3. Mazurenko AV, Shubnyakov II. Comment to the Article “Comparative Assessment of Subtrochanteric Shortening Osteotomy and Paavilainen’s Proximal Osteotomy in Total Hip Arthroplasty for Crowe III–IV Dysplasia”. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(1):36. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-1-36-39

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