Planning of surgical treatment of upper extremity in patients with cerebral palsy

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Abstract

The purpose - to devise the algorithm of patient examination with spastic hand to determine what the variant of surgical treatment is indicated. The variant of surgical treatment and it's results are depend on the cause of upper extremity deformation. Materials and methods. This study is based on a survey of children with cerebral palsy with lesions of the upper extremity. The main criterion for the selection of patients was the presence of the combined lesion of the upper extremity, where the cause of dysfunction hands are not only fixed contractures, but primary tonic. Was to survey 47 patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy with the defeat of the upper limb, but the study group included only 26 of them in the ages of 7 to 18 years (average 12,1), as having the clinical picture both types of contractures. We have developed and applied a system of examinations, modeling expected outcome of selective neurotomy motor nerves of the upper limb, which allows to estimate the possible result of such treatment, and clearly differentiate tonic and fixed contracture. Results and conclusions. Based on the results of study we supposed that, using diagnostic blockade motor nerve at the period of planning surgical treatment help us to create temporary reversible model of selective neurotomy motor nerve branches and identify the type of contracture, degree of manifestation and functional perspective.

About the authors

V. V. Umnov

Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Author for correspondence.
Email: umnovvv@gmail.com
Russian Federation

V. A. Novikov

Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: novikov@spbgmu.ru
Russian Federation

A. V. Zvozil’

Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: turner01@mail.ru
Russian Federation

D. V. Zabolotskiy

Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: docent-zab@mail.ru
Russian Federation

A. S. Kozyrev

Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: turner01@mail.ru
Russian Federation

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