Early Deep Periprosthetic Hip Infection of Odontogenic Origin (Case Report)

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Abstract

Deep periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication after primary and revision hip joint arthroplasty resulting in multiple interventions on the joint. The present paper describes a rare case of early deep hip PJI of odontogenic etiology. The patient suffered from early PJI after a planned procedure of left hip joint arthroplasty. Antibacterial therapy without surgical debridement was performed in an outpatient unit which resulted in a late, on day 12th after surgery, admittance of the patient to hospital with continued administration of antibiotics. Treatment tactics was selected upon patient’s admission basing on patient complaints, medical history of the disease, clinical signs and findings of roentgenological, laboratory and bacteriological examinations. Two-stage treatment consisting of revision, removal of implant, debridement, biopsy and wound drainage by a swab was performed and followed by empiric antibacterial therapy (for 5 days). Targeted antibacterial therapy was prescribed basing on bacteriological test findings. Together with dentists the authors examined oral cavity of the patient, identified a site of chronic infection and undertook the focused treatment by dental extraction and sanitation of the oral cavity. Postoperative period after the first stage was uncomplicated. Second stage of revision (re-arthroplasty of left hip joint) was performed on week 36 of the surgical time-out with a good clinical outcome: 80 points on Harris hip score in 40 weeks after the second stage. Presented clinical case illustrates the existence of hematogenous mechanism of postoperative microorganism dissemination from the chronic infection nidus with subsequent progression of inflammation at the surgical site, including PJI. In the present case the Actinomyces odontolyticus was isolated from periprosthetic tissues and parodontal recesses which allowed the authors to suggest a highly probable cause for early PJI by Actinomyces odontolyticus translocation into periprosthetic tissues of the hip joint. However, strain sequencing is required for the complete verification. The described case confirms the need for debridement of chronic infection nidus prior to joint arthroplasty aiming at prevention of hematogenous periprosthetic infection.

About the authors

T. U. Sheraliev

Tsivyan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics

Author for correspondence.
Email: sheraliev.taalai@mail.ru
Taalaibek U. Sheraliev — PhD Student Russian Federation

V. V. Pavlov

Tsivyan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Vitaliy V. Pavlov — Dr. Sci. (Med.), Chief Researcher, Head of Department of Endoprosthetics and Endoscopic Joint Surgery Russian Federation

S. O. Kretien

Tsivyan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Svetlana O. Kretien — Head of Bacteriological Laboratory Russian Federation

E. A. Fedorov

Clinic of Traumatology, Orthopaedics and Neurosurgery NIITO

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Evgeniy A. Fedorov — Ortopaedic Surgery Russian Federation

S. I. Kirilina

Tsivyan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru
Svetlana I. Kirilina — Dr. Sci. (Med.), Chief Researcher, Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitation Russian Federation

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  1. Pavlov VV, Sheraliev TU, Kirilina SI, Kretien SO. Translocation of Clostridial Infection as a Complication of Hip Arthroplasty in the Early Postoperative Period: Case Report. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(4):121. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-4-121-129

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