Patient-Specific Templates for Triple Pelvic Osteotomy in Children with Dysplastic Hip Subluxation (Preliminary Results)

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Abstract

Purpose of the study — to evaluate the degree of correction of acetabular spatial position after triple pelvic osteotomy using patient-specific templates in children with dysplastic hip subluxation. Materials and methods. Study included 30 patients (30 hips) with dysplastic hip subluxation aging from 14 to 18 years (mean age of 16.3±1.4). All children were divided into two groups — main group consisted of 15 children (15 hips) who underwent triple pelvic osteotomy using patient-specific templates produced by 3D modeling and prototyping technology; control group consisted of 15 children (15 hips) who underwent triple pelvic osteotomy based on standard preoperative planning. X-ray and CT of hip joints was made in all patients. Results. Parameters of acetabular spatial position as well as integral parameters which define the ratio between acetabulum and femoral components and hip stability were in the range of normal variation in patients of the main group. Similar average parameters in patients of control group were below the lower margin of the physiological norm (p<0.05). Besides, the values of standard deviation of abovementioned X-ray parameters in some patients of control group demonstrated pronounced variability characterized by hyper- and hypo-correction values of spatial position of acetabular fragment. Conclusion. In contrast to standard preoperative planning the use of patient-specific templates during re-orienting triple pelvic osteotomy in children with dysplastic hip subluxation allows to level out possible errors in three-dimensional acetabulum positioning towards hyper- and hypo-correction (p<0.05) of pelvic component. This creates conditions to ensure adequate hip stability which is confirmed by key x-ray indices with values within normal reference range.

About the authors

P. I. Bortulev

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Author for correspondence.
Email: pavel.bortulev@yandex.ru

Research Associate, Department of Hip Pathology

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

S. V. Vissarionov

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics,
Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Deputy Director for Science, Head of the Department of Spinal Pathology and neurosurgery; Professor of
Traumatology and Orthopaedics Department

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

V. E. Baskov

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Head of the Department of Hip Pathology

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

D. B. Barsukov

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Senior Research Associate, Department of Hip Pathology


St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

I. Yu. Pozdnikin

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Cand. Sci. (Med.), Research Associate, Department of Hip Pathology

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

M. S. Poznovich

Turner Scientific Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Research Associate, Genetic laboratory of the Center for Rare and Hereditary Diseases in Children and Neurosurgery

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

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CrossRef: 2

  1. Bortulev PI, Vissarionov SV, Baskov VE, Barsukov DB, Pozdnikin IY, Baskaeva TV. Frequency of Acetabulum Retroversion Formation after Reorienting Pelvic Osteotomies in Children Over 7 Years Old with Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2021;27(1):121. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2021-27-1-121-130
  2. Bortulev PI, Vissarionov SV, Bortuleva OV, Baskov VE, Barsukov DB, Pozdnikin IY, et al. The Medium-Term Results of Complex Treatment of the Children with I-II Stage Dysplastic Osteoarthritis. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2020;26(3):93. doi: 10.21823/2311-2905-2020-26-3-93-105

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